It is a desensitization to the venom proteins that cause anaphylaxis. The goal is to prevent anaphylaxis from a bee sting in the individual who previously had an allergic reaction.
Anyone who has previously experienced anaphylaxis to a bee sting and tested positive for an allergy to one of the venom proteins.
Honey bees, wasps, yellow jackets, yellow faced hornets, white faced hornets are typically targeted in venom immunotherapy.
Minimum of three years, but in many cases it is indefinite. Patients will be retested after three years, and if negative, then we will consider stopping venom immunotherapy.
The most common risk associated with venom immunotherapy is an allergic reaction to the shots themselves. Therefore, patients are required to wait for 30 minutes in the office after administration and to carry their epinephrine auto-injector (Epipen or AuviQ) for at least 2 hours after receiving their injections.