Pediatric Asthma Treatment

Discover specialized care for pediatric asthma, helping children breathe easier and enjoy a healthier, more active childhood.

What is Pediatric Asthma?

Pediatric asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic illnesses in children, often beginning in early childhood. Typically, it causes recurring breathing difficulties and airway inflammation. This inflammation can be triggered by various factors, including allergens, respiratory infections, and irritants like smoke. Understanding pediatric asthma is essential for parents, caregivers, and young patients to manage the condition effectively.

Pediatric Asthma Symptoms

Recognizing these symptoms is essential for prompt asthma management. If your child exhibits these signs, reach out to pediatric asthma specialists at Impact Medical for a proper diagnosis and an asthma action plan to effectively address their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Wheezing

A high-pitched whistling sound during breathing, especially when exhaling, is a hallmark symptom of asthma and indicates narrowed airways

Shortness of Breath

Children with asthma may experience difficulty breathing, especially during physical activity or at night

Chest Pain

Chest discomfort or pain can occur, though it’s important to differentiate asthma-related chest sensations from other causes

Reduced Physical Activity

Some children may avoid physical activities or sports because of fear or discomfort related to asthma symptoms

Coughing

Persistent and chronic coughing, often worse at night or early in the morning, is a common asthma symptom

Chest Tightness

A sensation of pressure or constriction in the chest, which can be distressing for children with asthma

Frequent Nighttime Awakenings

Asthma symptoms can disrupt sleep, leading to frequent nighttime awakenings due to coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath

Irritability

Asthma can cause irritability and mood changes, especially if a child is experiencing frequent symptoms

Common Causes of Pediatric Asthma

While the exact cause of asthma remains a subject of ongoing research, several common triggers and contributors have been identified:

  • Genetics: Family history plays a significant role. Children with parents or siblings who have asthma or other allergic conditions are at a higher risk of developing asthma.
  • Environmental Allergies: Allergic reactions to substances like pollen, dust mites, pet dander, mold, and cockroach droppings can trigger asthma symptoms.
  • Exposure to Smoke: Secondhand smoke exposure during pregnancy and childhood increases the likelihood of asthma. Smoking during pregnancy is also a risk factor.
  • Exercise and Physical Activity: While exercise-induced asthma is common, physical activity remains essential for overall health. Proper asthma management can enable children to participate in sports and activities safely.

Diagnosing & Treating Asthma in Children

Medical History & Physical Exam

Gathering a thorough medical history and conducting a comprehensive physical examination are pivotal steps in diagnosing and managing asthma effectively.

Diagnostic Testing

Your medical provider will conduct pulmonary function tests including spirometry, lung volumes, and DLCO and fractional exhaled nitric oxide as diagnostics tests for asthma. If necessary, additional testing, such as a chest x-ray or a methacholine challenge may also be obtained.

Treatment

Asthma treatment recommendations will be determined based on the level of severity of your diagnosis.

Asthma Testing in New Jersey

Spirometry
Spirometry is a breathing test that evaluates the function of your lungs by measuring airflow in order to diagnose asthma.
Lung Volumes
This measures the volume of air in the lungs during different phases of respiratory cycle or with different maneuvers.
DLCO
Diffusing Capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide. This is a measurement that assesses the lungs’ ability to transfer gas to and from the inhaled air into the capillaries that line the alveoli in the lungs.
Exhaled Nitric Oxide
Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FENO) is a test approved to help assess asthma control. It measures the gas called Nitric Oxide in your breath, which is a marker of inflammation in the lungs.

Pediatric Asthma Treatment in New Jersey

At Impact Medical, treatment recommendations are determined based on the severity of the diagnosis and underlying cause. Learn more about some of the treatment options available for asthma below.
Rescue Inhaler
Your child should have a rescue inhaler, which is used only if needed, to temporarily relieve their asthma symptoms when they occur. The need for an everyday or maintenance anti-inflammatory medication depends on the severity of your child’s asthma.
Maintenance Medications
Maintenance medications include inhaled corticosteroids, combination inhalers (inhaled corticosteroids with LABAs), leukotriene antagonists and anticholinergic inhalers.
Biologic Therapies
Biologic therapies are used for patients with moderate to severe asthma who remain poorly controlled despite conventional treatments. These newer targeted therapies have been designed to target immunologic triggers that drive asthma.

Pediatric Asthma FAQs

If your child exhibits any of the following symptoms, contact our pediatric asthma specialists at Impact Medical for testing and treatment to address their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Frequent nighttime awakenings
  • Reduced physical activity
  • Irritability

Although there is no known reason for asthma, it can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, allergies, exposure to smoke, or physical activity.

Yes, people can outgrow their asthma. This usually occurs when an underlying condition is treated that’s resulting in asthmatic symptoms.

Pediatric asthma is treated based on the severity. Treatment could include a rescue inhaler, maintenance medications, or biologic therapies but is dependent on the results of the diagnostic testing.

Explore our pediatric asthma resources today.