Allergies Treatment

At Impact Medical, our experienced allergists strive to help you find relief and regain control over your allergies, so you can enjoy a life filled with comfort.

What Are Allergies?

Allergies are immune system responses to substances that are typically harmless but are perceived by the body as threats. These substances, known as allergens, can trigger a range of allergic reactions when they come in contact with the body. Allergies are common and can affect people of all ages.

Types of Allergies

There are many specific types of allergies. Learn more about the different varieties of allergies that we treat below.

Seasonal & Indoor Allergies

Seasonal allergies stem from outdoor triggers like pollen, while indoor allergies arise from dust mites, mold spores, cockroaches, and pet dander.

Food Allergies

A food allergy is a type of adverse food reaction that occurs from a specific immune response known as an IGE mediated immune response (Type I Hypersensitivity).

Bee Sting Allergies

Bee stings can trigger local or systemic reactions, including hives, swelling, gastrointestinal distress, shortness of breath, and loss of consciousness.

Medication & Drug Allergies

Medication reactions occur from an immune response to a particular medication. Medications can produce a variety of immune responses leading to different types of reactions.

Common Allergy Symptoms

Allergies can manifest in various ways, with individuals experiencing a range of common signs and symptoms depending on the type of allergy they are experiencing. Here are some of the most common indicators:

Itchy Eyes

Allergic reactions often lead to itchy, watery eyes. This is a common symptom of environmental allergies.

Sneezing

Frequent sneezing is a common allergic response, often triggered by allergens, such as pollen or pet dander.

Rhinorrhea

Allergies can cause excess mucus production, resulting in a persistent runny nose or nasal congestion.

Coughing

Allergic rhinitis can lead to coughing either via postnasal drip or triggering asthma.

Skin Rashes

Both environmental and food allergens can lead to skin rashes, such as eczema, urticaria (hives) and angioedema (swelling).

Fatigue

Individuals suffering from year-round and/or seasonal allergies often experience fatigue as the immune system is “overreacting” to the environment and unnecessarily expending energy.

Common Causes of Allergies

Allergies occur when the immune system reacts excessively to usually harmless substances, such as pollen, pet dander, foods, medications, and insect stings. Family history (genetics) and environmental factors play a role in the development of allergies.

Common allergy triggers include:

 

Diagnosing and Treating Allergies

Medical History

Reviewing a patient’s medical history is essential for diagnosing allergies as it helps identify potential triggers and underlying conditions.

Physical Evaluation

There are certain signs on physical exams suggestive for the presence of allergies. Examples include paleness, edematous nasal turbinates, red and puffy eyes, wheezing and an eczematous rash.

Diagnostic Testing

To correctly diagnose allergies of any type, we perform prick-puncture testing, intradermal testing, patch testing, and/or ImmunoCAP laboratory tests.

Treatment

Upon reviewing the medical history, physical exam, and diagnostic tests, our medical team will discuss the findings with you and determine an appropriate treatment plan, which will include allergen avoidance.

Allergy Testing in New Jersey

There are several types of skin and blood tests that can be used to diagnose allergies. Learn more about the types of testing available for allergies below.
Prick-Puncture Testing
This involves placing a small amount of substance (allergen) on the skin and then “pricking” the skin which allows the allergen in a liquid form to penetrate the skin.
Intradermal Testing
This technique involves the injection of a small amount of an allergen under the surface of the skin. Intradermal testing is usually performed after prick-puncture testing or ImmunoCAP testing.
ImmunoCAP Laboratory Testing
This is a “blood test” in which specific allergic antibodies (Immunoglobulin E or IGE) are evaluated for their presence against specific allergens.
Patch Testing
This is used to diagnose an allergic chemical contact dermatitis by applying a diluted allergen/chemical on the skin. The patches are typically placed on the back and remain on the skin for 48 hours.

Allergy Treatment in New Jersey

Although allergy avoidance is the most common treatment for all types of allergies to minimize exposure to the allergen, there are several other options based on the type of allergy. Learn more about some of the types of treatments available below.
Medication & Drug Treatments
Medication and pharmaceutical drugs are often used to lessen the symptoms of an allergic condition.
Allergen Immunotherapy
Allergen Immunotherapy results in desensitizing an individual to specific allergens. Immunotherapy is used for environmental allergies, bee sting allergies, and peanut allergies.

Frequently Asked Questions

Certain individuals have a genetic predisposition to develop allergies. However, environmental exposure also plays an important role in developing allergy symptoms.

Avoidance is the best way to treat allergies. If avoidance is not reasonable or does not result in a significant improvement, then medications and/or allergen immunotherapy are considered.

Yes, allergic triggers can result in varying symptoms. For example, in some individuals an allergy to dust mites might only cause allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and present with a runny nose, nasal congestion and itchy watery eyes. In other individuals, it might result in atopic dermatitis (eczema).

Allergy shots are considered for patients who meet the following criteria:

  • Symptoms have a significant negative impact on quality of life
  • Symptoms are not controlled with appropriate medications or patients have adverse effects from the medications
  • Patient is unable to avoid the allergic trigger or despite avoidance, still has troubling symptoms
  • Patient prefers not to be on medications
  • Patient who experiences complications from their allergies such as chronic sinusitis, asthma or atopic dermatitis

Yes, adults can develop new allergies at any stage of life.

No, testing for everything is not recommended. Allergy testing is performed based on clinical history. In addition, there can be false positives on allergy skin and blood testing.

No. However, they do inherit the predisposition to inherit allergies in general.

Start your journey to allergy relief today.